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X

Xerxes I - king of Persia from 486-465 BCE; his military invasion of Greece, the Persian Wars (480-479 BCE), is chronicles in Herodotus' Histories; according to Herodotus, Xerxes led an immense army of Persians and mercenaries into Greece in order to conquer the territories; the Persians were beaten back by united Greek forces at the battle of Plataea; Xerxes I was murdered in 465 BCE.

Xenophon - (Perseus Encyclopedia entry 4) ancient Greek author; wrote the Anabasis, the Hellenica, the Cyropaedia, the Oeconomica and other works.

Xystos - a gymnasium at Elis where runners and pentathletes trained one month prior to the start of the ancient Olympic games.

xystus - (Latin) a walkway decorated with trees or a walk through a colonnade.

Y

ymber - (Latin) rain storm, pouring rain.

Z

Zeno of Citium - (335 - 263 BCE) Greek philosopher and founder of Stoicism; arrived in Athens in 313 BCE; having lived and studied in Athens for about 12 years, he opened his Stoic school of philosophy at the Stoa Poikile there, which specialized in paradoxes in 300 BCE.

Zeus Click here to hear this word pronounced. - son of Cronus and Rhea, brother and husband of Hera; defeated Cronus to become the greatest of the Olympian gods; read the Homeric Hymn to Zeus to learn more.

 


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