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ratis Click here to hear this word pronounced. - (Latin noun) a vessel or boat made of logs fastened together like a raft.

ReClick here to hear this word pronounced. - Re was ancinet Egyptian god of the sun and was associated with Horus, the god of the sky; Re was known as the creator of men by some and became the state deity during the Fifth Dynasty; an ancient god, Re was the father of Shu and Tefnut, the grandfather of Geb and Nut, the great-grandfather of Seth, Nephthys, Isis, and Osiris.

recito - (Latin) to read something aloud, to recite.

recordatio - (Latin) remembrance; Cicero often mentions in his letters to his friends different recordationes

recordor - (Latin) to remember, to think over.

relaxatio - (Latin) relaxation.

reminiscor - (Latin) to remember.

Remus Click here to hear this word pronounced. - son of Mars and Rhea Silvia, twin brother of Romulus, exposed at birth in a basket floated on the Tiber River and washed a shore under a fig tree; the twins were suckled by a she-wolf.

remus - (Latin) oar; while the most popular ship was a trireme (with three sets of oars), there were also biremis (ships with two sets of oars), quadremis (four sets of oars) and quinqueremis (five sets of oars).

repotia - (Latin) essentially a party that follows the original entertainment.

reproba - (Latin) false.

responsa - (Latin) a significant development in the Roman justice system introduced by Augustus and his successors; a responsa was an opinion on a legal case heard in court by eminent jurists; jurists earned fame based on their responsa; famous jurists include Papinian, Julius Paulus, and Ulpian, all of whom held the position of praefectus praetoria, minister of justice of the Roman Empire.

reverse Click here to hear this word pronounced. - the side of a coin on which the minor design appears; the tails side.

rex - (Latin) king; the term rex is tied to the Latin verb rego, to rule.

rhabdos Click here to hear this word pronounced. - a stick used by ancient Greek athletic trainers to maintain discipline.

Rhea Silvia - a woman from Roman legend; mother of Romulus and Remus; she was raped by Mars and became pregnant with twins; the twins were taken from her when they were newly born and left exposed because the children of Rhea Silvia were predicated to overthrow their grandfather.

rhetor - (Latin) teacher of rhetoric.

rhetoric Click here to hear this word pronounced. - the effective use of language; the art of persuasion.

rhyton - a drinking cup shaped like an animal horn (image).

rogo - (Latin) to ask for

Romanization - a process through which areas conquered by or added to the Roman Empire became more like Rome and through which Rome spread its influence; this process took place in many different ways, such as through the adoption of legal and administrative processes, the spread of the Latin language, the erection of Roman-style buildings and monuments and the spread of Roman religion; Romanization did not require that newly added regions take on only Roman characteristics; the Roman Empire incorporated parts of others' cultures also, but Romanization is the process by which other cultures became "Roman".

Romulus Click here to hear this word pronounced. - son of Mars and Rhea Silvia, twin brother of Remus and founder of Rome.

roseus - (Latin) rosy/pink; this word was often used to describe the color of dawn, and Lucretius used it in this way in his De Rerum Natura.

rostrum - (Latin) literally a beak; through metonymy, the rostrum takes on the meaning of the prow of the ship.

rubor - (Latin) redness.

Rumina - Roman goddess of nursing mothers.

Rural Dionysia - a smaller celebration of the City Dionysia that is held in various cities throughout the countryside; like in the City Dionysia, there were competitions of comedies, tragedies and poetry; the Acharnians by Aristophanes refers to the Rural Dionysia. 

rus - (Latin) the countryside

rusticus - (Latin) peasant/farmer; the rusticus was a man who lived in the countryside, the rus.

ruta - (Latin) the herb rue; comes to mean bitterness or unpleasantness.

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